The outer regions of extrasolar planetary systems
Over the past two decades we learned that extrasolar planets are common in the Galaxy and that they exhibit an astonishing diversity in all accessible parameters. Planets that orbit close to their host star, i.e. at orbital distances of less than 1 AU, are easier to access observationally, thus represent the bulk of the exoplanet population under study today. Yet, the intermediate and outer zones of planetary systems play a crucial role in their formation and evolution.
We are now entering the era where the statistical study of these regions becomes possible around nearby stars: the timespan of large radial-velocity surveys excede the orbital period of Jupiter, the Gaia satellite was launched to begin its astrometric survey, and new techniques and instruments allow us to directly image a plenitude of planets despite the stellar glare of their hosts.
The aim of this symposium is to discuss our current knowledge of the outer regions of exoplanetary systems and to foresee the advances of this field in the near future.
The 2-day symposium will address the following topics and questions:
- Planet formation beyond 1 AU
- Observational results
- Looking to the future
- The bigger picture
What are the planet formation scenarios in the outer regions? How do outer-zone planets influence close-in planets and what are the observable signatures of these (dynamical) interactions?
What do we know about planets in the intermediate and outer zones from observations? What information can today’s precise radial-velocities, adaptive optics imaging/coronagraphy, gravitational microlensing, astrometry, and other observational techniques yield on the properties of these planets?
What results can we expect from the upcoming large surveys that are specially sensitive to outer-zone planets, e.g. Gaia astrometry of nearby stars, the new generation of exoplanet imagers on very large telescopes, and other future projects and missions? How can we best exploit the synergies between them?
How can we synthesize observational and theoretical/simulation results to obtain a global picture of the outer exoplanet population in the solar neighbourhood? How does this picture relate to the Solar system and its gas giant planets?